January 17, 2014

Active and Passive Forms

1. Simple Present Tense
 
    S + V1 + s/es + O    --->    O + to be + V3 + by + S
 
    (A)  I play violin.
    (P)  Violin is played by me.


2. Present Continous Tense

    S + to be + Ving + O    --->    O + to be + being + V3 + by + S

    (A)  Karina is riding the bicycle.
    (P)  The bicycle is being ridden by her (Karina).

Tenses Form | Past Future

1. Past Future Tense
    (+)  S + should/would + V1
    (-)  S + should/would + not + V1
    (?)  Should/Would + S + V1

2. Past Future Continous Tense
    (+)  S + should/would + be + Ving
    (-)  S + should/would + not + be + Ving
    (?)  Should/Would + S + be + Ving

3. Past Future Perfect Tense
    (+)  S + should/would + have + V3
    (-)  S + should/would + not + have V3
    (?)  Should/Would + S + have + V3

4. Past Future Perfect Continous Tense
    (+)  S + should/would + have + been + Ving
    (-)  S + should/would + not + have + been + Ving
    (?)  Should/Would + S + have + been + Ving

Tenses Form | Future

1. Present Future Tense
    (+)  S + shall/will + V1
    (-)  S + shall/will + not + V1
    (?)  Shall/Will + S + V1

2. Future Continous Tense
    (+)  S + shall/will + be + Ving
    (-)  S + shall/will + be + Ving
    (?)  Shall/Will + S + be + Ving

3. Future Perfect Tense
    (+)  S + shall/will + have + V3
    (-)  S + shall/will + not + have + V3
    (?)  Shall/Will + S + have + V3

4. Future Perfect Continous Tense
    (+)  S + shall/will + have + been + Ving
    (-)  S + shall/will + not + have + been + Ving
    (?)  Shall/Will + S + have + been + Ving

Tenses Form | Past

1. Simple Past Tense
    (+)  S + V2
    (-)  S + did + not + V2
    (?)  Did + S + V1

2. Past Continous Tense
    (+)  S + was/were + Ving
    (-)  S + was/were + not + Ving
    (?)  Was/Were + S + Ving

3. Past Perfect Tense
    (+)  S + had + V3
    (-)  S + had + not + V3
    (?)  Had + S + V3

4. Past Perfect Continous Tense
    (+)  S + had + been + Ving
    (-)  S + had + not + been + Ving
    (?)  Had + S + been + Ving

Tenses Form | Present

1. Simple Present Tense
    (+)  S + V1 + s/es
    (-)  S + do/does + not + V1
    (?)  Do/Does + S + V1

2. Present Continous Tense
    (+)  S + to be + Ving
    (-)  S + to be + not + Ving
    (?)  To be + S + Ving

3. Present Perfect Tense
    (+)  S + have/has + V3
    (-)  S + have/has + not + V3
    (?)  Have/Has + S + V3

4. Present Perfect Continous Tense
    (+)  S + have/has + been + Ving
    (-)  S + have/has + not + been + Ving
    (?)  Have/Has + S + been + Ving

Pronoun

 Subject 
 to be 
 Possesive 
Adjective
 Possesive 
Pronoun
 Reflexive 
Pronoun
 Object 
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
am
are
is
is
is
are
are
are
my
your
his
her
its'
our
your
their
mine
yours
his
hers
its
ours
yours
theirs
myself
yourself
himself
herself
itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves
me
you
him
her
it
us
you
them

January 15, 2014

Irregular Verbs | T, U, W

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
T
 take
 teach
 tear
 tell
 think
 thrive
 throw
 thrust
 tread
 took
 taught
 tore
 told
 thought
 throve, (ed)
 threw
 thrust
 trod
 taken
 taught
 torn
 told
 thought
 thriven, (ed)
 thrown
 thrust
 trodden, trod
U
 unbend
 unbind
 underbid
 understand  
 undertake
 undo
 upset
 unbent
 unbound
 underbid
 understood
 undertook
 undid
 upset
 unbent
 unbound
 underbid
 understood
 undertaken
 undone
 upset
W
 wake
 waylay
 wear
 weave
 weep
 win
 wind
 withdraw
 withhold
 withstand
 work
 wring
 write
 woke, (ed)
 waylaid
 wore
 wove
 wept
 won
 wound
 withdrew
 withheld
 withstood
 wrought, (ed) 
 wrung 
 wrote
 woken, (ed)
 waylaid
 worn
 woven
 wept
 won
 wound
 withdrawn
 withheld
 withstood
 wrought, (ed)
 wrung
 written

Irregular Verbs | S

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
S
 saw
 say
 see
 seek
 sell
 send
 set
 sew
 shake
 shave
 shear
 shed
 shine
 shoe
 shoot
 show
 shrink
 shrive
 shut
 sing
 sink
 sit
 slay
 sleep
 slide
 sling
 slink
 slit
 smell
 smite
 sow
 speak
 speed
 spell
 spend
 spill
 spin
 spit
 split
 spoil
 spread
 spring
 stand
 stave
 steal
 stick
 sting
 stink
 strew
 stride
 strike
 string
 strive
 swear
 sweep
 swell
 swim
 swing
 sawed
 said
 saw
 sought
 sold
 sent
 set
 sewed
 shook
 shaved
 sheared
 shed
 shone
 shod
 shot
 showed
 shrank, shrunk 
 shrove, (ed)
 shut
 sang
 sank
 sat
 slew
 slept
 slid
 slung
 slunk
 slit
 smelt, (ed)
 smote
 sowed
 spoke
 sped, (ed)
 spelt, (ed)
 spent
 spilt, (ed)
 spun, span
 spat
 split
 spoilt, (ed)
 spread
 sprang
 stood
 stove, (ed)
 stole
 stuck
 stung
 stank, stunk
 strewed
 strode
 struck
 strung
 strove
 swore
 swept
 swelled
 swam
 swang
 sawn, (ed)
 said
 seen
 sought
 sold
 sent
 set
 sewn, (ed)
 shaken
 shaven, (ed)
 shorn, (ed)
 shed
 shone
 shod
 shot
 shown, (ed)
 shrunk, shrunken 
 shriven, (ed)
 shut
 sung
 sunk, sunken
 sat
 slain
 slept
 slid
 slung
 slunk
 slit
 smelt, (ed)
 smitten
 sown, (ed)
 spoken
 sped, (ed)
 spelt, (ed)
 spent
 spilt, (ed)
 spun
 spat
 split
 spoilt, (ed)
 spread
 sprung
 stood
 stove, (ed)
 stolen
 stuck
 stung
 stunk
 strewn, (ed)
 stridden
 struck, striken
 strung
 striven
 sworn
 swept
 swollen, (ed)
 swum
 swung

Irregular Verbs | Q, R

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
Q
 quit
 quit, (ed) 
 quit, (ed)
R
 read (ri:d)
 rebind
 rebuild
 recast
 redo
 relay
 remake
 rend
 repay
 rerun
 reset
 retell
 rewrite
 rid
 ride
 ring
 rise
 rive
 run
 read (red)
 rebound
 rebuilt
 recast
 redid
 relaid
 remade
 rent
 repaid
 reran
 reset
 retold
 rewrote
 rid, (ed)
 rode
 rang
 rose
 rived
 ran
 read (red)
 rebound
 rebuilt
 recast
 redone
 relaid
 remade
 rent
 repaid
 rerun
 reset
 retold
 rewritten
 rid, (ed)
 ridden
 rung
 risen
 riven, (ed)
 run

Irregular Verbs | O, P

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
O
 outbid
 outdo
 outgo
 outgrow
 outride
 outrun
 outshine
 overbear
 overcast
 overcome
 overdo
 overhang
 overhear
 overlay
 overleap
 overlie
 override
 overrun
 oversee
 overshoot
 oversleep
 overtake
 overthrow 
 outbid
 outdid
 outwent
 outgrew
 outrode
 outran
 outshone
 overbore
 overcast
 overcame
 overdid
 overhung
 overheard
 overlaid
 overleapt, (ed) 
 overlay
 overrode
 overran
 oversaw
 overshot
 overslept
 overtook
 overthrew
 outbid
 outdone
 outgone
 outgrown
 outridden
 outrun
 outshone
 overborne
 overcast
 overcome
 overdone
 overhung
 overheard
 overlaid
 overleapt, (ed)
 overlain
 overridden
 overrun
 overseen
 overshot
 overslept
 overtaken
 overthrown
P
 partake
 pay
 prove
 put
 partook
 paid
 proved
 put
 partaken
 paid
 proven, (ed)
 put

Irregular Verbs | K, L, M

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
 keep
 kneel
 knit
 know
 kept
 knelt
 knit, (ed)
 knew
 kept
 knelt
 knit, (ed)
 known
 lade
 lay
 lead
 lean
 leap
 learn
 leave
 lend
 let
 lie
 light
 lose
 laded
 laid
 led
 leant, (ed)
 leapt, (ed)
 learnt, (ed)
 left
 lent
 let
 lay
 lit, (ed)
 lost
 laden
 laid
 led
 leant, (ed)
 leapt, (ed)
 learnt, (ed)
 left
 lent
 let
 lain
 lit, (ed)
 lost
 make
 mean
 meet
 melt
 miscast
 misdeal
 misgive
 mislay
 mislead
 misspell
 misspend
 mistake
 misunderstand 
 mow
 made
 meant
 met
 melted
 miscast
 misdealt
 misgave
 mislaid
 misled
 misspelt
 misspent
 mistook
 misunderstood 
 mowed
 made
 meant
 met
 molten, (ed)
 miscast
 misdealt
 misgiven
 mislaid
 misled
 misspelt
 misspent
 mistaken
 misunderstood
 mown, mowed (US) 

Irregular Verbs | G, H, I

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
G
 gainsay
 get
 gild
 gird
 give
 go
 grave
 grind
 grow
 gainsaid
 got
 gilt, (ed)
 girt, (ed)
 gave
 went
 graved
 ground
 grew
 gainsaid
 got, gotten (US)
 gilded
 girt, (ed)
 given
 gone
 graven, (ed)
 ground
 grown
H
 hamstring
 hang
 have
 hear
 heave
 hew
 hide
 hit
 hold
 hurt
 hamstrung, (ed)
 hung, (ed)
 had
 heard
 hove, (ed)
 hewed
 hid
 hit
 held
 hurt
 hamstrung, (ed)
 hung, (ed)
 had
 heard
 hove, (ed)
 hewn, (ed)
 hidden
 hit
 held
 hurt
I
 inlay
 inlaid
 inlaid

Irregular Verbs | D, E, F

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
D
 dare
 deal
 dig
 dive
 do
 draw
 dream
 drink
 drive
 dwell
 durst, (ed)
 dealt
 dug
 dived, dove (US) 
 did
 drew
 dreamt, (ed)
 drank
 drove
 dwelt
 dared
 dealt
 dug
 dived
 done
 drawn
 dreamt, (ed)
 drunk
 driven
 dwelt
 eat
 ate
 eaten
F
 fall
 feed
 feel
 fight
 find
 flee
 fling
 fly
 forbear
 forbid
 forecast
 foreknow
 foresee
 foretell
 forget
 forgive
 forsake
 forswear
 freeze
 fell
 fed
 felt
 fought
 found
 fled
 flung
 flew
 forbore
 forbade, forbad
 forecast, (ed)
 foreknew
 foresaw
 foretold
 forgot
 forgave
 forsook
 forswore
 froze
 fallen
 fed
 felt
 fought
 found
 fled
 flung
 flown
 forborne
 forbidden
 forecast, (ed)
 foreknown
 foreseen
 foretold
 forgotten
 forgiven
 forsaken
 forsworn
 frozen

Irregular Verbs | A, B, C

 Alphabet 
 Infinitive 
 Past Tense 
 Past Participle 
 A 
 abide
 arise
 awake
 abode, abided
 arose
 awoke
 abode, abided
 arisen
 awoken
B 
 be
 bear
 beat
 become
 befall
 beget
 begin
 behold
 bend
 bereave
 beseech
 beset
 bet
 betake
 bethink
 bid
 bind
 bite
 bleed
 blend
 bless
 blow
 break
 breed
 bring
 broadcast
 build
 burn
 burst
 buy
 was
 bore
 beat
 became
 befell
 begot
 began
 beheld
 bent
 bereaved, bereft
 besought
 beset
 bet, betted
 betook
 bethought
 bade, bid
 bound
 bit
 bled
 blent, blended
 blest, blessed
 blew
 broke
 bred
 brought
 broadcast, (ed)
 built
 burnt, burned
 burst
 bought
 been
 born
 beaten
 become
 befallen
 begotten
 begun
 beheld
 bent
 bereaved, bereft
 besought
 beset
 bet, betted
 betaken
 betought
 bidden, bid
 bound
 bitten, bit
 bled
 blent, blended
 blest, blessed
 blown
 broken
 bred
 brought
 broadcast, (ed)
 built
 burnt, burned
 burst
 bought
 
 cast
 catch
 chide
 choose
 cleave
 cling
 clothe
 come
 cost
 creep
 crow
 cut
 cast
 caught
 chid, (ed)
 chose
 clove, cleft
 clung
 clad, (ed)
 came
 cost
 crept
 crew, (ed)
 cut
 cast
 caught
 chidden, (ed)
 chosen
 cloven, cleft
 clung
 clad, (ed)
 come
 cost
 crept
 crowed
 cut